The final in a series of six evidence-based guidelines, the Neonatal and Paediatrics module’s recommendations were approved by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) on 21 March 2016. The module was released on 29 April 2016. It is based on the best available evidence published up to June 2013.

The Neonatal and Paediatrics module is under review.  While the review is underway, the original version remains available to guide practice.

The Neonatal and Paediatrics module is intended to assist and guide health-care professionals in making clinical decisions about blood management in neonatal and paediatric patients.

The Neonatal and Paediatrics module includes six appendixes that provide guidance on dosing, assessment and optimisation of various products and situations in the neonatal and paediatric population. The Haemoglobin Assessment and Optimisation template (Appendix H) and the Critical Bleeding Protocol (Appendix K) are designed to be adapted to meet the needs of local institutions’ protocols, policies and procedures.

The Neonatal and Paediatrics module and accompanying resources can be accessed by clicking on the relevant links below.


Summary of clinical guidance

To request hard copies of the module or quick reference guide (free within Australia and New Zealand only) please click here to place your order.

Paediatric haemoglobin assessment and optimisation template

Critical Bleeding Protocol template

College & Society Endorsements

The National Blood Authority (NBA) greatly appreciates and acknowledges the input received from the clinical community in producing the Patient Blood Management Guidelines. We are pleased to acknowledge that the following organisations have formally endorsed Module 6 - Neonatal and Paediatrics.

  • Australasian College for Emergency Medicine
  • Australasian Society for Emergency Medicine
  • Australian and New Zealand Society of Blood Transfusion
  • Australian College of Children and Young People's Nurses
  • Australian College of Critical Care Nurses
  • Australian College of Rural & Remote Medicine
  • Australian Red Cross Lifeblood
  • College of Intensive Care Medicine of Australia and New Zealand
  • Royal Australasian College of Surgeons
  • Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia

Review and update of the PBM Guidelines

The NBA is currently considering the review and update process across the entire suite of modules rather than each module being updated in an isolated and iterative process. The aim is to transition to a sustainable and updateable methodology that will enable updates as the evidence base and clinical practice evolves. For more information please refer to the Patient Blood Management Guidelines Progress Update webpage.

PBM updates

Keep up to date with updates on patient blood management and our guidelines by subscribing to the PBM mailing list through BloodPortal(Opens in a new tab/window).

Get in touch

We welcome feedback on this guideline to inform future reviews or the development of materials to support implementation.


Last updated: 04 Apr 2024